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Theses

Interplay between magnetic ordering and ferroelectricity in multiferroics with quadruple perovskite structure

Abstract : In the present Thesis, we study the large ferroelectricity induced by magnetism in two quadruple perovskite compounds: (LaMn3)Mn4O12 and (YMn3)Mn4O12, which both display single-valent properties and a commensurate C-type antiferromagnetic structure of the B-sites. These simple features offer a playground to elucidate the contribution of the symmetric and antisymmetric exchange interactions to the polarization. Both compounds are metastable and stabilized under high-pressure. YMO is a new phase, where the small Y3+ ion exerts a large chemical pressure, which is expected to enhance the exchange interaction and, thus, the spontaneous polarization. We find an ordering temperature of the B-sites, 30 K higher than in LMO. On the other hand, we surprisingly find identical values of the spontaneous polarization, P = 0.54 μC cm-2, in both compounds. It is a record value for magnetic ferroelectrics. In spite of the similarities, the nature of magnetic ferroelectricity appears to be very different in the two compounds. In LMO, ferroelectricity is induced by the magnetic ordering of B-sites, although no indication of inversion symmetry breaking is detected. We argue that this puzzling observation is consistent with prediction of domain structure in improper ferroelectrics. On the other hand, in YMO, the occurrence of ferroelectricity at T*=70 K is consistent with a polar structural modulation below Ts=200 K, however T* does not correspond to any long-range magnetic transition. Indeed, T* marks a magnetic anomaly suggesting a latent magnetic phase. We put forward the hypothesis that the above polar distortion of the crystal structure may force the alignment of polar domains.
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Marine Verseils. Interplay between magnetic ordering and ferroelectricity in multiferroics with quadruple perovskite structure. Physics [physics]. Université Pierre et Marie Curie - Paris VI; Università degli studi (Parme, Italie), 2017. English. ⟨NNT : 2017PA066457⟩. ⟨tel-01798069⟩

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