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La vulgarisation scientifique et les doctorants Mesure de l'engagement - exploration d'effets sur le chercheur

Abstract : We ask two questions: what are the factors that influence researchers’ public engagement activities (PEA)? And what are the impacts of these activities on the researcher? After presenting a historical overview of PEA, we analyze 20 surveys carried out between 1967 and 2014. We identify some global trends: PEA is generally positively perceived, researcher’s engagement is occasional but robust. Besides those trends some differences appear between studies based on theoretical models and empirical studies: the latter report complaints such as lack of time or lack of recognition, whereas theoretical-based ones challenge these statements. To further explore our two questions, we used two approaches. First, we developed a survey based on the Theory of Planned Behavior and administrated it to a corpus of PhD students at the University of Burgundy. Second, taking advantage of my experience as head of Experimentarium (a PEA addressed to PhD students) we developed a qualitative study. The survey shows key engagement factors: past behavior, attitude toward PEA, and the opinion of colleagues (subjective norms). Beyond these general trends, multifactorial analyzes reveal inter-individual differences allowing for case-by-case diagnostic. The qualitative study highlight again the influence of attitude, the pleasure to participate in PEA, as well as the importance of socialization. Furthermore, the importance of "caring" for PhD students involved in PEA is crucial, it leads to a dynamic of reassurance - renewed motivation for their research. Uplifting PEA carried out with peers, encouragement of the public, greater ability to express themselves, reinforce the researcher's experience and energize them to continue their scientific work. More generally, some PEA increase the meaningfulness of the scientific practice. Finally, we propose a model differentiating three communication postures, based on "peels of identity": the self, the researcher, the presenter. This model describes potential effects of communication postures on both researchers and public. This model leads to the concept of reflexivity, constituting of situations of outreach and which can cause certain effects on the researcher. These reflections invite us to think of PEA, not as a task or a duty to fulfill, but as a situation which - if prepared, observed, adjusted and therefore reflexive - can be a source of emancipation for the researcher.
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Submitted on : Monday, April 23, 2018 - 5:11:33 PM
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Lionel Maillot. La vulgarisation scientifique et les doctorants Mesure de l'engagement - exploration d'effets sur le chercheur. Sciences de l'information et de la communication. Université de Bourgogne - Franche Comté, 2018. Français. ⟨tel-01774602⟩

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