Aux origines de la Turquie conservatrice Une sociologie historique du Parti démocrate (1946-1960)

Abstract : The aim of this study is to produce a social history of the Turkish Democrat Party from 1946 to 1950. While there are already many essays about the Turkish Democrat Party in political history, these works are mainly based on macro and state-centred sources: state archives, national press, parliamentary debates, etc. Very few studies attempt to assess the social dynamics that led to the Turkish Democrat Party’s accession to power, and to understand how it came to hold power for a ten year period. My contention is that the key to understanding the social dynamics that led to the Democrat Party’s decade-long grasping of power lies in its grassroots organization and local recruitment. I therefore look at four different areas of Turkey, in order to draw a consistent scheme of the Democrat Party’s social base: Izmir, Erzurum, Diyarbakir, Adana. To that end I use sources such as the local press and memoirs of local politicians, as well as diplomatic reports, sociological work and oral testimony from eye-witnesses of the period. My work thus aims to present a more complex picture of the Democrat Party’s social base than has hitherto been achieved, by revealing the importance of the role played by the rural elite and small-town artisans and shop-keepers, all of whom shaped the Democrat Party’s conservative nature.
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Béatrice Garapon. Aux origines de la Turquie conservatrice Une sociologie historique du Parti démocrate (1946-1960). Science politique. Sciences Po Bordeaux, 2017. Français. ⟨tel-01709832⟩

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