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L'ordre des mots chez Homère : Structure informationnelle, localisation et progression du récit

Abstract : In this thesis, I study the principles of word order in Homeric Greek. As it is the case in classical prose, the fundamental principle consists in aligning constituents according to the information structure (IS) of the utterance, i.e. the expression of topic and focus relations. Topic expressions differ in their ratification status. As for focus, two constructions may be identified: A narrow focus construction, where the only focused element is placed immediately before the verb, and a broad focus construction, where the verb, optionally followed by other focal elements, builds up a focus domain; The construal of this domain may be broad or narrow on its last element. Having described the expression of IS in the clause and the various contexts in which the different constructions occur, I explore the margins of the clause (pre- and postclausal positions), and I show that questions embed propositions with their own IS. In the demonstra¬tion, I make use of the prosodic partitioning of the utterance, as indicated by the position of postpositives and ratified topic expressions. Then, after studying hyperbaton in Classical and Homeric Greek, I show that tmesis, in Homer, is a kind of pseudo noun incorporation. Finally, building on this linguistic study, I reevaluate Homeric enjambment and try to identify a trope of Homeric poetry (narrative σῆμα), whereby a word (like καλός or στῆ/ἔστη) is placed in initial position in the line in order to mark the progression of the narrative.
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-01702387
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Submitted on : Tuesday, February 6, 2018 - 4:52:23 PM
Last modification on : Saturday, December 4, 2021 - 4:01:28 AM
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Nicolas Bertrand. L'ordre des mots chez Homère : Structure informationnelle, localisation et progression du récit. Linguistique. Paris IV Sorbonne, 2010. Français. ⟨tel-01702387⟩

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