Décolonisation et changement social aux Antilles françaises. De l'assimilation à la "Départementalisation" ; socio-histoire d'une construction paradoxale (1946-1961)

Abstract : The social change which takes place in the French West Indies after the Second World War ensues from a historical interactive process. It occurs between 1946 and 1961, within the frame of the new dynamic fostered in the aftermath of the war. Here we refer to the new political status of Department, the outbreak of social conflicts during the process of decolonization, the public policies and the planning of “the economic and social development” of the overseas departments. The dynamic also includes the population growth with the birth of a new generation- from the sociological point of view. The aforementioned interaction instils the new type of society emerging in the French West Indies since the 1960’s, without drastically changing their colonial social structure. This transformation named “Departmentalization” seems paradoxical because it will generate “modern” social frustrations, while maintaining existing frustrations that stemmed from the plantation society. This process led to the transition from a slave society to a consumer society. It allows us to understand the persistence of a latent social unrest in these departments, in spite of the overall significant improvement of the living conditions during the early twentieth century.
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Maël Lavenaire. Décolonisation et changement social aux Antilles françaises. De l'assimilation à la "Départementalisation" ; socio-histoire d'une construction paradoxale (1946-1961). Histoire. Université des Antilles, 2017. Français. ⟨tel-01675708⟩

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