ARCHÉOLOGIE D’UN TERRITOIRE DE COLONISATION EN ALGÉRIE. LA COMMUNE MIXTE DE LA CALLE (1884-1957).

Abstract : In the late 1860s, in French Algeria, the State seeks an administrative organization of the conquered territory. Several communal forms grow and among them, the ”commune mixte ”. For its thinkers, this entity is created to expand settlement in the country by increasing European settlement in villages, but also to promote contacts between settlers and colonized people and to develop a "civic education". It is therefore a transitional construction to full-function joint as it exists in France. But in fact, the “communes mixtes” persist until their disappearance, institutionalized in 1947, but effective from 1956. The “commune mixte” of La Calle was erected in 1884 on the border between Algeria and Tunisia. Its development is closely linked to the history of the neighboring space that turns to the Regency, the French Protectorate and the independent nation. On a large scale, this area also changes depending on population dynamics unforeseen by the original project, related to mobility and land issues. Economic crises, world wars and the war in Algeria are all international upheavals that mark the territory of the ”commune mixte”. This study aims to describe the process of constructing an administrative space, but also to capture the various ways of appropriation of territory by all groups within its social space.
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  • HAL Id : tel-01671015, version 1

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Christine Mussard. ARCHÉOLOGIE D’UN TERRITOIRE DE COLONISATION EN ALGÉRIE. LA COMMUNE MIXTE DE LA CALLE (1884-1957).. Histoire. Aix Marseille Université, 2012. Français. ⟨tel-01671015⟩

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