FACTOGRAPHIES PRATIQUES ET RÉCEPTION DES FORMES LITTÉRAIRES DE L’ENREGISTREMENT À L’ÉPOQUE CONTEMPORAINE dans les littératures française, allemande et nord-américaine

Abstract : This thesis seeks to build a formal category, the foundations of which first appeared in western literature in the sixties. Based on Roland Barthes’ theories, it studies literary works that record fragments of the real and fragments of those discourses which make it up. These forms approach photography, montage and document in many ways, and are referred to as “factographies”. They bring to light the issues and problematics of what it is to represent reality in fiction without resorting to the patterns apparent in realistic novels or nonfiction narrative. Based on a corpus including works by C. Reznikoff, A. Ernaux, M. Cohen, A. Kluge and G. Perec, the thesis presents a method aimed at elaborating a new formal category by combining several kinds of approaches. From a descriptive point of view, it defines the characteristics of these forms, as well as the recording and reorganizating techniques they employ, in order to examine the effect they evoke, halfway between a document and a literary work. It also studies this effect from a pragmatic point of view, using a survey of empirical readers, researching the working of these texts and their singular mode of reception. Factographies thus appear to function as questioning devices – questioning texts and questioning the world texts are supposed to depict. Finally, from an historical point of view, this thesis sets these forms in the context of contemporary literature and art, considering them through the major redefinition of artistic gestures and functions that have occurred in the field of contemporary art.
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Marie-Jeanne Zenetti. FACTOGRAPHIES PRATIQUES ET RÉCEPTION DES FORMES LITTÉRAIRES DE L’ENREGISTREMENT À L’ÉPOQUE CONTEMPORAINE dans les littératures française, allemande et nord-américaine . Littératures. Université Paris 8, 2011. Français. ⟨tel-01643294⟩

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