Le patrimoine métamorphe : circulation et médiation du patrimoine urbain dans les villes et pays d'art et d'histoire

Abstract : This thesis questions how the idea of heritage disseminates among the social space in a context of increasing heritage policies, with a focus on the policy of “Villes et pays d’art et d’histoire” and the city of Annecy (France). The preliminary analysis of urban heritage goes beyond the traditional form of the historic district and reveals three forms (unicum, typicum, totum). Each one of them uses different operators to build the heritage of the city: historical monument for the first, historic district for the second and the whole city as heritage for the third. The analysis of this dissemination reveals a “polychresic” heritage through the study of multiple local actors’ discourses (associations, touristic business, cultural and heritage fields, etc.). These discourses about heritage allow each group of actors to insure itself a significant spot in the local network. Each actor distinguishes himself from the others by using its own perception of heritage to improve and secure its activity. The last part of the thesis interrogates two communicational strategies about cultural heritage focusing on the role of objects. On one hand the interpretation centres for architecture and heritage set up a discourse about local heritage and urban space through a documentary exhibition but without object. On another hand, objects (such as monuments) are parts of an in situ exhibition. From the combined analysis of these strategies results two processes of “heritagisation”: object as a relic (index) connecting its present days to its original age, and resemblance as a visual connection (icon). The features of an exhibit finally disseminate in the exhibition venue by initiating a meta-communication and by transferring its characteristics to heritage objects in the urban space. These results allow us to notice a metamorphic dimension of heritage in the various ways it is seen, transformed and featured.
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Nicolas Navarro. Le patrimoine métamorphe : circulation et médiation du patrimoine urbain dans les villes et pays d'art et d'histoire. Héritage culturel et muséologie. Université d'Avignon, 2015. Français. ⟨NNT : 2015AVIG1152⟩. ⟨tel-01635227⟩

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