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Theses

Le « travail du sexe ». Genèses et usages d'une catégorie politique

Abstract : “Prostitution" is currently a public problem in France, at the intersection of struggles for social rehabilitation or health prevention, against assaults or for rights. Different groups are mobilizing for competing definitions between two poles : the abolition of "violence" and the recognition of a "work". From these definitions follow claims for the regulation of the activity and the representation of the group. On this basis, the thesis describes the socio-historical construction of "sex work" : a struggling group for the power to define the problem which constitutes itself as a minority. The analysis begins at the "invention" of the category, which is claimed in 1978 in the United States, until the "loi visant à renforcer la lutte contre le système prostitutionnel" adopted in April 2016 in France. It is partly based on documents to track the circulation and the uses of the category, and on thirty interviews with people involved in these protests to restore their career and their positions. The thesis first shows various uses and meanings of "sex work" in different contexts, thus joining the feminist movement, the fight against HIV / AIDS or debates on immigration. It also shows a partial ownership of the problem with the emergence of an international and french movement of “sex workers”. Finally, it shows the difficulties this movement finds to impose its definition of "work" and resulting displacements about spaces and objects of the struggle.
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Damien Simonin. Le « travail du sexe ». Genèses et usages d'une catégorie politique. Sociologie. Université de Lyon, 2016. Français. ⟨NNT : 2016LYSEN018⟩. ⟨tel-01509444v2⟩

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