Chômage des jeunes et inégalités d'insertion sur le marché du travail algérien : analyses multidimensionnelles et expérimentation

Abstract : This thesis analyzes the determinants of youth unemployment and the inequalities regarding entry on the labour market in Algeria, especially in terms of gender. The first research hypothesis holds some individual characteristics as factors predisposing at risk of unemployment. A typology is issued from a sample of unemployed from three regions (Bejaia, Tizi Ouzou and Tlemcen), thanks to a Multiple Correspondence Analysis associated with an Ascending Hierarchical Classification; it reveals that youth unemployment is more urban mainly among women and the higher education graduates. Using a Logit model, we then show that age, human capital and gender affect significantly the likelihood of the active people to be unemployed rather than access employment in the region of Tizi-Ouzou. The second hypothesis is based on the “voluntary” nature of inactivity of women. The results of logistic regression performed on the sample of women in the Tizi-Ouzou region indicate that age, human capital and marital status are the most significant variables in driving women to inactivity. The third hypothesis suggests that discrimination against women is likely to be the cause of gender inequalities on the Algerian labour market. We explore the issue of hiring discrimination through the first correspondence testingconducted in Algeria (Oran). Against conventional wisdom, the analysis of gross and conditional discrimination reveals a marked preference towards female candidates applying for various job positions in the accounting profession.
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Lamia Benhabib. Chômage des jeunes et inégalités d'insertion sur le marché du travail algérien : analyses multidimensionnelles et expérimentation . Economies et finances. Université Paris-Est, 2017. Français. ⟨tel-01476000⟩

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