Laminated glass : dynamic rupture of adhesion

Abstract : Laminated glass has been discovered more than a century ago. It is composed of a polymeric interlayer sandwiched in-between two glass plies. This interlayer dramatically enhances the performance during impact. Even if the glass breaks, partial delamination and stretching of the interlayer will dissipate a large amount of energy. This dissipation will protect people from the impacting object while the glass splinters will stick on the interlayer, preventing harmful projections. I have identified and characterized the dissipation mechanisms associated with the interlayer rheology and its delamination from glass.Using uniaxial traction tests combined with photoelastic measurements, a relationship between the polymer structure and its mechanical behavior has been provided. The different dissipating mechanisms of the interlayer rheology have been identified in a rheological model. To understand how the interlayer mechanical behavior is involved during the lost of adhesion at the glass interface, a model delamination experiment has been setup. This test consists in a uniaxial traction on a pre-cracked laminated glass sample. In a certain range of applied velocities and temperatures, a steady state delamination regime has been observed. In these steady state conditions, two zones of dissipation have been identified. Digital image correlation has been used to quantify the stretching dynamics of the interlayer ahead of the delamination fronts and to explain the large dissipation observed during impact. Finally a finite element model has been developed to confirm experimental observations and to explore the close vicinity of the delamination fronts.
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  • HAL Id : tel-01471672, version 1


Paul Elzière. Laminated glass : dynamic rupture of adhesion. Polymers. Université Pierre et Marie Curie - Paris VI, 2016. English. ⟨NNT : 2016PA066310⟩. ⟨tel-01471672⟩



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