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Variabilité de la réfractivité dans la couche limite atmosphérique par observation radar

Abstract : Weather radars can retrieve refractivity changes based on phase variations of stationary targets. These retrievals provide valuable information of moisture in the atmospheric boundary layer along the radar path. Recent work on errors associated with these retrievals has shown that the refractivity variability is stronger during the afternoon and the summer season. This observation has led us to study further the link between the refractivity variability measured by radar and the small scales atmospheric fluctuations. First, we compared the variability of the refractivity retrieved from operational weather radars operating at C-band (5.6 GHz) to the variability of the refractivity directly measured by Automatic Weather Stations (AWS). A strong correlation between the two measurements was shown with a negative bias increasing with range from the radar. The bias is well explained when the variability signal is strong if one considers the model of a frozen turbulence transported by the wind. In winter, the measured variability was weaker and close to quantization noise of the AWS measurements, so it was more difficult to draw thesame conclusions. Overall, we were able to demonstrate qualitatively and quantitatively that the refractivity variability retrieved using the radar observations and measured by AWS stations is due to low-level coherent turbulent structures. Next, in order to obtain information at hectometre’s scales, a dedicated field campaign was conducted at SIRTA atmospheric observatory, near Paris. From June to September 2014 two radars (a 94 GHz W-band and a 9.5 GHz X-band radar) were pointing horizontally toward four corner reflectors aligned along a 700 meters line. Two wind and humidity high frequency measurement towers were deployed near the targets. Inter-comparisons between radar and in-situ refractivity measurement also showed a very good correlation. We finally demonstrated the possibility to compute radar refractivity on the path between two targets separated by 50 to 350 m and used this measure of the local variability of the refractivity to identify boundary processes linked to low level atmospheric turbulence.
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-01453036
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Submitted on : Friday, April 28, 2017 - 4:18:08 PM
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  • HAL Id : tel-01453036, version 2

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Ruben Hallali. Variabilité de la réfractivité dans la couche limite atmosphérique par observation radar. Sciences de la Terre. Université Paris-Saclay, 2016. Français. ⟨NNT : 2016SACLV083⟩. ⟨tel-01453036v2⟩

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