Kinetics models of particles interacting with their environment

Arthur Vavasseur 1, 2
2 COFFEE - COmplex Flows For Energy and Environment
CRISAM - Inria Sophia Antipolis - Méditerranée , JAD - Laboratoire Jean Alexandre Dieudonné : UMR7351
Abstract : The goal of this PhD is to study a generalisation of a model describing the interaction between a single particle and its environment. We consider an infinite number of particles represented by their distribution function. The environment is modelled by a vibrating scalar field which exchanges energy with the particles. In the single particle case, after a large time, the particle behaves as if it were subjected to a linear friction force driven by the environment. The equations that we obtain for a large number of particles are close to the Vlasov equation. In the first chapter, we prove that our new system has a unique solution. We then care about some asymptotic issues; if the wave velocity in the medium goes to infinity, adapting the scaling of the interaction, we connect our system with the Vlasov equation. Changing also continuously a function that parametrizes the model, we also connect our model with the attractive Vlasov-Poisson equation. In the second chapter, we add a diffusive term in our equation. It means that we consider that the particles are subjected to a friction force and a Brownian motion. Our main result states that the distribution function converges to the unique equilibrium distribution of the system. We also establish the diffusive limit making the wave velocity go to infinity at the same time. We find a simpler equation satisfied by the spatial density. In chapter 3, we prove the validity of both equations studied in the two first chapters by a mean field limit. The last chapter is devoted to studying the large time asymptotic properties of the equation that we obtained on the spatial density in chapter 2. We prove some weak convergence results
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Arthur Vavasseur. Kinetics models of particles interacting with their environment. General Mathematics [math.GM]. Université Côte d'Azur, 2016. English. ⟨NNT : 2016AZUR4086⟩. ⟨tel-01421822v2⟩

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