MÉTROPOLE DE L'ENDROIT ET MÉTROPOLE DE L'ENVERS DÉCROISSANCE URBAINE, VIEILLISSEMENT ET MOBILITÉS DANS LES PÉRIPHÉRIES DE L'AIRE MÉTROPOLITAINE D'ŌSAKA, JAPON

Abstract : In Japan, the suburbia used to represent a space where an affluent middle class could realise its home-ownership aspirations. But these suburbs are now vulnerable to cumulative processes of decline which are deteriorating daily access to urban resources. Such changes raise precursory questions about the necessity to adapt growth-based paradigms to the challenges of suburban aging. Our thesis analyses them through the lens of evolving mobilities in the Ōsaka metropolitan area. It opens the way for an integrated approach to the impacts of the neoliberal hybridization of the Japanese Developmental State on the country’s second-city region, whose dynamics are destabilized by the Tōkyō uni-polar concentration and shrinking demographics. First, our theoretical framework articulates international debates on the globalization of the shrinking city phenomenon, to Japanese research who questions the links between urban de-growth, ageing and mobilities by drawing on Western concepts. Then, a multilevel mapping of the relations between de-growth and mobilities serves to test our hypotheses. Our results show that depopulation trends in suburban areas are reinforced by inward mobilities, a recentralization of real-estate development and a rescaling of railway networks. It makes sense within a context where a reversal of planning paradigms is meant to restore Tōkyō’s competitiveness and legitimized by compact city discourses. These processes reshape the traditional division of Japan’s territory between omote (front, globally connected) and ura (back, hinterland). Our work finally relies on the findings of field studies conducted inside two surburbs of Ōsaka. The socio-residential specialization and individual practices observed there lead us to discuss the benefits and limits of hometown-making strategies designed to attract new residents. These results flesh out a picture of an everyday relation to the suburban way of life that is more complex than the belief in its rejection by the Japanese, young and old.
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Contributor : Sophie Buhnik <>
Submitted on : Wednesday, July 20, 2016 - 3:37:25 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, July 17, 2019 - 2:35:59 AM
Long-term archiving on : Friday, October 21, 2016 - 10:10:16 AM

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  • HAL Id : tel-01340758, version 1

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Sophie Buhnik. MÉTROPOLE DE L'ENDROIT ET MÉTROPOLE DE L'ENVERS DÉCROISSANCE URBAINE, VIEILLISSEMENT ET MOBILITÉS DANS LES PÉRIPHÉRIES DE L'AIRE MÉTROPOLITAINE D'ŌSAKA, JAPON. Géographie. Université Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne, 2015. Français. ⟨tel-01340758⟩

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