Le Bilan écologique. Mesurer la perturbation anthropogénique de l’Ecosphère et de la Biosphère (un bilan de l'Anthropocène). Caractériser les voies du Développement écologique des territoires.

Abstract : (Abstract of the thesis) Having noted the failure of its 2010 targets for biodiversity, including, among others, the inability of the Ecological Footprint to account for biodiversity, the Convention on Biological Diversity adopted in 2011 "The 2011-2020 Aichi Targets for biodiversity". Among these, objectives 1 and 2 concern awareness of the values of biodiversity, their integration into national and local development planning process, and their incorporation into national accounts. This how these objectives of the CBD converge now with those of the United Nations for the System of Environmental-Economic Accounting (SEEA). This thesis lie within this unified questioning framework. It has the double purpose : (a) of searching for, founding and developing a biophysical measurement unit of biodiversity, characterizing just as well the natural order as the anthropogenic disorder, and (b) to incorporate it into a new physical accounting system, the Ecological balance sheet. The latter is likely to compare, for all territorial scales, the Ecological liability of urban communities, seen as the biophysical reflection of their monetary accounting, to the Ecological asset of their natural spaces, in order to reveal the relationships of cause and effect, and to signify the cumulative impacts of anthropogenic disturbance on the Ecosphere and the Biosphere. In the end, it would have so vocation to enable us to characterize the ways of a truly ecological development of the territories.
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Richard Loiret. Le Bilan écologique. Mesurer la perturbation anthropogénique de l’Ecosphère et de la Biosphère (un bilan de l'Anthropocène). Caractériser les voies du Développement écologique des territoires.. Economies et finances. Université Paris-Saclay, 2016. Français. ⟨NNT : 2016SACLV001⟩. ⟨tel-01306180⟩

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