Une redéfinition de la métaphoricité à l’oral: Mise en place d’outils d’analyse par une approche de corpus contrastive

Abstract : A corpus of interviews carried out both in English and in French on the topic of music was collected, XML-formatted and tagged morphosyntactically and semantically (semantic distance worked out thanks to LSA). The goal is to devise and train tools not only for spotting metaphors but assessing metaphor liveliness. Thanks to a parallel use of semantic structure and the prosodic data, live metaphor templates are established, and then used to access contrastively the liveliness of metaphor production in the different conceptual mappings tapped in the particular area of interest. However close the deep underlying semantic structures may be in both languages, there are slight differences in the surface realizations due to idiosyncratic structural constraints. Metaphor liveliness seems to be nevertheless correlated with literal translatability, whereas lexicalised metaphors are usually not translatable literally. This sreening for hypercoding elements of discourse is potentially usable in huge oral corpora now conceivable with internet, not only with a view to providing tools for automatic translation, but also as an observation platform of language evolution at a time when things appear and disppear fast.
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Gilles Cloiseau,. Une redéfinition de la métaphoricité à l’oral: Mise en place d’outils d’analyse par une approche de corpus contrastive . Linguistique. Université Orléans, 2007. Français. ⟨NNT : 2007ORLE1088⟩. ⟨tel-01276764⟩

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