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Le cirque romain. Essai de théorisation de sa forme et de ses fonctions

Abstract : The great edifices for the Roman shows were subject of a certain number of thematic studies and monographies. However, the extent of these works is unequal and a general study is necessary for several of them. This is the case for the largest of all these edifices, the circus. Until now, no overall study were able to explain the strong links between the function and the shape of this edifice. We have tried to fill this gap, since the known circus are quite well conserved and in a sufficient number to allow such approach. So, we have just realised a comparative and functional study of this edifice in order to get a large number of usefull informations like : coefficents related to the proportions of the main dimensions, determination of the constraints charateristic of the different parts of the edifice. With the support of the informations given by our comparative study, we were quite interested to illustrate its interest by reconstitution of three major monuments : The Arles’ Circus, the Carthage’s one and the Hippodrome of Constantinople. From each edifice actually arises different problems which could be solved by various aspects of the reconstruction’s methodology. 1. The Carthage’s Circus : from this reconstruction based on the map of vestiges and with the help our comparative study, we were interested to know whether the mosaic found in Carthage could represent the circus of this city. 2. The Arles’ Circus : with the collaboration of the scientists of the Research Institute on the Antique Provence, we performed a study of an architectural reconstruction of the circus in order to realise a numeric model usefull for the scientific research and the information of the museum’s visitors 3. The Constantinople’s Hippodrome : the reconstruction of this famous hippodrome is founded on the archaeological datas, the results of our comparative study, the known iconographic sources but also on an exceptional text, the book of the ceremonies from Constantine Porphyrogenete (book dated from the tenth century p. C.). This book reveals with lots of precisions the aspects of the life of the circus and describes its different spaces. All along this study, carried out with the help of the research laboratories MAP (UMR 694 CNRS/MCC) and the Ausonius Institute (UMR 5607 CNRS), we tried take advantage of the computer science’s tool, using it in various and suitable forms to reach our objective : a general study of the architectural design of the Roman Circus. Until now, all the circus reconstruction’s attempts were confronted to the same problem : the absence of a complete comparative study able to give all the necessary arguments to support the given hypothesis. With this work, we tried to get a synthetic enough and coherent result usefully contributing to the study of this great edifice of the antique show.
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Contributor : Fabricia Fauquet <>
Submitted on : Thursday, January 28, 2016 - 5:50:10 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, July 9, 2019 - 10:12:58 AM
Long-term archiving on: : Friday, November 11, 2016 - 7:01:37 PM


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  • HAL Id : tel-01264141, version 1


Fabricia Fauquet. Le cirque romain. Essai de théorisation de sa forme et de ses fonctions . Archéologie et Préhistoire. Université de Bordeaux Montaigne, 2002. Français. ⟨tel-01264141⟩



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