Calcul haute performance & chimie quantique

Abstract : This thesis work has two main objectives: 1. To develop and apply original electronic structure methods for quantum chemistry 2. To implement several computational strategies to achieve efficient large-scale computer simulations. In the first part, both the Configuration Interaction (CI) and the Quantum Monte Carlo (QMC) methods used in this work for calculating quantum properties are presented. We then describe more specifically the selected CI approach (so-called CIPSI approach, Configuration Interaction using a Perturbative Selection done Iteratively) that we used for building trial wavefunctions for QMC simulations. As a first application, we present the QMC calculation of the total non-relativistic energies of transition metal atoms of the 3d series. This work, which has required the implementation of Slater type basis functions in our codes, has led to the best values ever published for these atoms. We then present our original implementation of the pseudo-potentials for QMC and discuss the calculation of atomization energies for a benchmark set of 55 organic molecules. The second part is devoted to the Hight Performance Computing (HPC) aspects. The objective is to make possible and/or facilitate the deployment of very large-scale simulations. From the point of view of the developer it includes: The use of original programming paradigms, single-core optimization process, massively parallel calculations on grids (supercomputer and Cloud), development of collaborative tools , etc - and from the user's point of view: Improved code installation, management of the input/output parameters, GUI, interfacing with other codes, etc.
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Thomas Applencourt. Calcul haute performance & chimie quantique. Chimie-Physique [physics.chem-ph]. Université Paul Sabatier - Toulouse III, 2015. Français. ⟨NNT : 2015TOU30162⟩. ⟨tel-01244745v2⟩

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