Le développement du savoir-faire musical

Abstract : The present thesis bears on the development of musical skills. It attempts to conceptualize the way an upcoming instrumentalist learns the skills developed by previous generations of musicians. Our research is based on longitudinal fieldwork and recordings of lessons of musical instruments (guitar, piano and violin). We start with the intuition that musical phenomena are best characterized as an animated flux, a motion carried on and across the body and the subjective field. Musical listening thereby requires active participation on the part of the subject – and forms a skill. There is an intimate connection between perception and skill due to structural community of their modes of constitution and their expressive quality. Hence, the motion that incarnates musical phenomena is not only kinetic, but kinesthetic. As she progresses through the arcana of instrumentalist craftsmanship, the apprentice develops the musical topography of her instrument. She does so via an exploratory process by which she trains her ears, educates her attention, and learns gestures that are cut out to the morphology of her body and the characteristics of the instrument. Skill transmission (musical or otherwise) usually requires tuition, a process by which instructor and apprentice engage in a form of didactic companionship. Rather than attempting to hand over ready-made schemes, the process of tuition brings apprentices to form their own gestures. These gestures aim to be harmoniously effective, compliant with tradition, yet their motivation is not merely practical, but also aesthetic, stylistic and mythical.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, November 25, 2015 - 5:02:58 PM
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Pablo Rojas. Le développement du savoir-faire musical. Anthropologie sociale et ethnologie. EHESS - Paris, 2015. Français. ⟨tel-01231756⟩

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