La ville mobile gouvernée : intercommunalités, politiques de déplacements et trajectoires de développement dans la Région Urbaine Marseillaise

Abstract : During the first decade of the 21 century, in France, responsibility for the planning of urban transportation and mobility policies was transferred to the inter-municipal institutions. From that moment, the space from which these policies are planned and the competences they mobilized, are expanding. This major evolution now raises the question of the priorities assigned to these urban policies which are embedded in the political affirmation of the urban area. While the social dimension of mobility is collapsing and the entrepreneurial management of the environmental problems is taking over, for whom and why are these urban transport and mobility policies developed? In this context, this thesis is based on the assumption of a differentiation in these urban policies priorities related to the social, economic and urban history of the urban territories. We will first describe the four supra-communal Marseille Urban Region identities. Then we will analyze the urban public transit and parking regulation policies implemented since the early 2000s by these four inter-municipal institutions. The systematic confrontation of these urban identities with the key objectives of these urban transport and mobility policies brings us to the central result of this work: a typical ideal opposition of the substance of these urban policies. On the one hand, industrial and working class territories, seeking more solidarity, develop urban transport and mobility policies putting forward the social dimension of mobility in a motorized city context. On the other hand, the bourgeois territories, in search of more attractiveness, devise urban transport and mobility policies dominated by the imperative of influence and attractiveness of the core city over the urban region. At a time when a new institutional reform in urban public action is about to be conducted, this research result directly brings up questions about the nature of the metropolitan solidarity that will emerge from the future Aix-Marseille-Provence metropolitan institution.
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Martin Claux. La ville mobile gouvernée : intercommunalités, politiques de déplacements et trajectoires de développement dans la Région Urbaine Marseillaise. Architecture, aménagement de l'espace. Aix-Marseille Université, 2014. Français. ⟨tel-01207868⟩

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