FORGER LA PARTICIPATION. : UNE ETHNOGRAPHIE DE LA CULTURE CIVIQUE EXPERTE À SANTIAGO DU CHILI : LE CAS DU RÉSEAU DE DÉFENSE DE LA PRÉCORDILLÈRE

Abstract : This thesis discusses how a citizen association – the Red de Defensa de la Precordillera (RDP) – turns a forest in the Andes foothills in Santiago, Chile, into a defense, claim and research object. This forest, known as « El Panul », located in La Florida commune, is threatened by real estate projects. Citizens gradually undertake to protect the forest they consider « endangered ». Through an ethnography conducted between 2007 and 2010 with the RDP and other associations and citizens of Santiago, this research addresses how everyday citizens invent ways to participate. It is interested in the strategies used by citizens to try to have an impact in a context characterized by the lack of citizen participation policies. Engaged citizens thus forge their own path of contradictions, mistakes, successes and failures to try to influence in projects that affect them and where they do not feel considered by authorities. In order to describe how RDP members enter politics by making public a controversy about a specific territory, we first analyze how the association is configured and how the members configure the problem of the precordillera. We focus on how, following the 1993 mudslide disaster occurred in Lo Cañas, the precordillera becomes a political cause of the association. We then discuss the post-dictatorship process of collective action (1973-1990) to understand the conditions allowing the emergence of new protests in Santiago. Then we focus on the two main strategies used by the citizens of RDP to show the uniqueness and the importance of El Panul: scientific and legal expertise. Finally, we analyze the role of the affective dimension in democratic exchanges, observing how the success or failure of interactions often depend on emotions, affects or empathy between officials and citizens. This thesis proposes to study the possibilities of participation through ethnography, not from institutional structures, but as a political project created by citizens.
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-01182670
Contributor : Consuelo Biskupovic <>
Submitted on : Saturday, August 1, 2015 - 9:13:39 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, September 5, 2019 - 4:13:44 PM
Long-term archiving on : Monday, November 2, 2015 - 10:21:48 AM

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  • HAL Id : tel-01182670, version 1

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Consuelo Biskupovic. FORGER LA PARTICIPATION. : UNE ETHNOGRAPHIE DE LA CULTURE CIVIQUE EXPERTE À SANTIAGO DU CHILI : LE CAS DU RÉSEAU DE DÉFENSE DE LA PRÉCORDILLÈRE . Environnement et Société. Ecole des Hautes Etudes en Sciences Sociales, 2015. Français. ⟨tel-01182670⟩

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