Différenciation tarifaire dans les réseaux de transports urbains et interurbains de voyageurs : quels apports pour les services publics de transport et l'aménagement ?

Abstract : The purpose of this thesis is to define and identify the effects of price discrimination policies on the use and organization of urban public transports. Price discrimination is the possibility to price a service with different level of tariff. At first, we will define the issues around public transport fares, whose complexity is now mitigated by existing smart cards and other payment tools. Then, the spatial dimension of the fare will be given special attention through the study of the relationships between fee structure and spatial morphology of 10 cities around the world. The relationships between urban morphology and pricing will be confirmed. Knowing that usage of public transport are diverse, it is essential to have a good knowledge of users habits. Smard Card data reconstruction provides geographical and statistical information that can be re used for urban planning and for pricing policy. How ? Grand Paris orbital line 15, will be launched in 2020. It is an example of introducing a new metro line inducing significant time savings for commuters. Passengers will be given a real alternative between their usual route and the new one. The new route can offer several advantages: gain of time spent during the trip, gain in terms of number of transfers, comfort gain, security gain, price advantages. This could be an opportunity for an agency to review its fare policy. Our model is based on existing travel flows derived from the itinerary reconstruction from Navigo Smart Card pass. It establishes the principles of a fare grid based on travelers’ preferences and current travel patterns. For this research, we used data from public transport pass users in the Paris’ Metropolitan area, for one month. Finally, we show that price discrimination is related to "mobility" and not to “public transport”. If we consider the mobility needs of the user, pricing is no longer that of “transportation” but a package of services enabling access to different forms of mobility. Therefore it is transport governance that can be a problem. How to federate all mobility stakeholders in France? This dimension is essential for public transport authorities. It is a key success factor for achieving ambitious and sustainable urban planning policies.
Liste complète des métadonnées

Cited literature [133 references]  Display  Hide  Download

https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-01144063
Contributor : Catherine Bouteiller <>
Submitted on : Monday, April 20, 2015 - 5:54:37 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, November 20, 2018 - 1:19:57 AM
Document(s) archivé(s) le : Monday, September 14, 2015 - 11:03:08 AM

Identifiers

  • HAL Id : tel-01144063, version 1

Collections

LET | ENTPE | LAET

Citation

Catherine Bouteiller. Différenciation tarifaire dans les réseaux de transports urbains et interurbains de voyageurs : quels apports pour les services publics de transport et l'aménagement ?. Architecture, aménagement de l'espace. université Lyon 2, 2015. Français. ⟨tel-01144063⟩

Share

Metrics

Record views

1217

Files downloads

6869