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Les Sourds-Muets de la Belle Epoque, une communauté en mutation.

Abstract : A question arises regularly on the situation of the Deaf of the Belle Epoque, which is commonly called deaf-dumb. Indeed, following the wishes of the Milan Congress requesting the adoption of a new method of education of deaf children, the pure oral method, banning sign language, the situation of the deaf community is thereby changed, and more particularly from the highest categories, and the lowest. The impact of educational reform Milan combines with the evolution of manners during this period have profoundly changed the structure of the deaf community, seeing the emergence of particular families, consisting of fully deaf members. However, this trend is accompanied by a significant erosion among the most educated groups gradually disappear. Indeed, the reform of Milan seems no longer afford to train educated beings, and it pays particular attention to them talk. This change of priorities seems to cut the link between the school and the community, especially dried up the arrival of new generations capable of taking over the old. However, the Belle Epoque is also an intellectually inspired period of importance, with an unpublished literary production. This mask profusion actually a beginning of cultural and artistic decline becomes obvious that from the 1920s, accompanied by profound social upheaval.
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Yann Cantin. Les Sourds-Muets de la Belle Epoque, une communauté en mutation.. Histoire. Ecole des hautes études en sciences sociales, Paris, 2014. Français. ⟨tel-01116965⟩

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