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Le Gévaudan sous l'empire du roi

Abstract : As an isolated territory, the diocese of Mende in the 12th century escaped the French royal authority and mainly fell under the count of Barcelona’s control, and later of the king of Aragon’s, who owned the Grèzes viscounty, and that of the bishop of Mende. After Louis VIII’s campaign in Languedoc in 1226, the Grèzes viscounty and Pierre VII Bermond’s lands in Gevaudan were seized by the French king. From the middle of the 13th century, the bishop and the king struggled for the judicial authority within the diocese. In 1269, the bishop of Mende, Odilon de Mercœur, took the question to the Parliament of Paris, claiming the exercise of the majus dominium in his diocese. In order to support this, he used an old act, the “Bulle d’or”, granted by King Louis VII in 1161. The proceedings ended only in 1307, when the disagreement was solved on Philip the Fair’s initiative and in agreement with the bishop of William the Younger, through an act of paréage dividing the Gévaudan jurisdiction between the two parties.This process shows the transition from a royal power mainly seen as judicial to a more administrative and interventionist authority: in the second half of saint Louis’s reign, the conflicts in Gévaudan the royal officers and the bishop of Mende were mostly solved in court, thanks to the progress of the Parliament’s activity. In the last phase of the proceedings, which began under the reign of Philip the Fair, William of Plaisians introduced a hardening of the royal arguments, excluding the Episcopal pretentions, on the basis that the royal rights were inalienable. The paréage seemed a good way to extend royal protection, at the price of leaving out one part of the jurisdiction but placing the king it at the top of the hierarchical appeals system and territorializing power by creating coherent entities to dispense justice.
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Contributor : Antoine Meissonnier <>
Submitted on : Monday, February 16, 2015 - 3:51:34 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, February 4, 2020 - 11:45:09 AM
Document(s) archivé(s) le : Saturday, September 12, 2015 - 2:03:51 PM

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  • HAL Id : tel-01116805, version 1

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Antoine Meissonnier. Le Gévaudan sous l'empire du roi. Histoire. Ecole nationale des chartes, 2011. Français. ⟨tel-01116805⟩

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