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L'étude de la fréquentation et de ses impacts sur le littoral languedocien

Abstract : An important and varied population comes on the Languedoc-Roussillon coast. Indeed following a French determined politics of development to increase tourism (Mission Racine, 1963 - 1982) this coast has become the fourth most important tourist region of the country. To this seasonal human pressure another one has appeared for about ten years: the one of the permanent population who increases a lot with the newcomers. Tourists, nearby and local population (who embed the newcomers) have different perceptions and practices of the coast areas. From these different perceptions and practices, several “Territorialisation” processes appear. To reduce the conflicts and the environment damages due to sometimes inadequate organized visits site, it is necessary to act while enhancing the cultural identities linked to the coast some of them are in complete evolution. In this context, politics and administrators show strongly their wishes to find a balance between a demographic increase and inheritance protection. Indeed, a thought and tools have been developed to achieve this aim. To understand and eventually to analyze a site, we must answer to six key questions: How many people? Who are they? Where do they come from? What are their practices? Why do they come here and not somewhere else? What are the impacts due to the visits? The understanding and the analysis of the territorial dynamics (mutations, the way the areas are appropriated, the practices) for the users and its impacts on the sensitive natural areas of the coast rely on the combination of the results of visitors monitoring, perception enquiries and the observation data of the Earth. Through an experimental research on the both well distinguished territories, Leucate and “palavasiens” lagoons, we will show developed indicators, as well as the used method to try to define some carrying capacity thresholds.
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Christelle Audouit. L'étude de la fréquentation et de ses impacts sur le littoral languedocien. Géographie. Université Montpellier III- Paul Valéry, 2008. Français. ⟨tel-01100253⟩



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