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Enjeux d'appropriation de l'espace aérien en France et en Europe : vers une territorialisation spécifique

Abstract : Airspace is not very known and not well examined in geographical area.After theoretical research about airspace notion, faced to, in particular, the one of land area, and consultations with the stakeholders on the management of this space, we have experienced its pecularity, it is a recently suitable space in three-dimensional and continuously in motion. The aerial environment allows in particular to override the numerous physical constraints which restrict the activities of societies in terms of time and space. Following the technological innovations at the end of the nineteenth century, very quickly, it aroused some cognitive, economic and strategic interests. So, like all space, it is liable to material and cognitive, personal and collective ownership processus, which make it a territory with high issues. The states have implemented a set of legislative and armed means in order to protect it depending to their institutions, cultures, economics, and strategic at this moment. However, taking in account the increase of trafic, the airspace is becoming a more and more invaluable ressource, and its application is subject to the competition of various civilian and military actors. This assumption of airspace territorialisation has been tested in the context in setting up a draft " single european sky ". So, the management model of airspace, in the first place based on a national model, should be gradually replaced by a community replacement, regardless of the national boundaries. This ambitious project raises a lot of social, economic and politic questions and seems to challenge the notions of sovereignty and national territory.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, September 24, 2014 - 11:49:17 AM
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  • HAL Id : tel-01067892, version 1

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Nicolas Marc. Enjeux d'appropriation de l'espace aérien en France et en Europe : vers une territorialisation spécifique. Géographie. Université d'Angers, 2014. Français. ⟨tel-01067892⟩

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