Evolution des mécanismes d'accumulation et de transport de l'iode dans les organismes marins : étude de la structure/fonction des protéines du métabolisme iodé chez la bactérie zobellia galactanivorans

Abstract : In marine environment, biogenic emissions of iodinated compounds play an essential role in biogeochemical cycle of iodine. Nevertheless, enzymatic process involved in absorption and storage of iodine or in the synthesis of iodinated compounds are unknown marine organisms, especially in bacteria. Several genes, potentially involved in iodine metabolism, have been identified in the genome of a marine bacterium, Zobellia galactanivorans. One of these genes codes for a vanadium iodoperoxydase (VIPO), an enzyme specific of iodide oxidation. The main part of the thesis project was to understand molecular mechanisms controlling the specificity vanadium halopéroxydase (VHPO) for some halide, by studying the VIPO from Z. galactanivorans by directed mutagenesis and structural biology. To lead this project, twelve mutated enzymes were produced and characterized at biochemical level. For some of them, mutations lead to a loss of activity or to modification of catalytic properties or to a slight VBPO activity. The wild type enzyme and three mutants were also analyzed by X ray absorption and diffraction spectroscopy in order to link the structural modifications to their catalytic properties. The results of this study suggest that the main factor modulating the specificity in these enzymes is modification of redox potential of the peroxovanadate. Biochemical analyses lead with two other proteins identified in the genome of Z. galactanivorans. The first protein was characterized as a new VIPO. For the second protein, similar to mammal iodotyrosine deiodinase, the biochemical activity remains to be characterized. Z. galactanivorans seems to have several enzymes which oxidize iodide or split C-I bond. In parallel at this work, the localization and speciation of iodine were analyzed by chemical imaging in Z. galactanivorans and in the kelp L. digitata, known to concentrate highly iodide. All this information allow to a better understanding of molecular mechanisms involved in the specificity for halide in VHPO and the bacterial origin of these proteins. More generally, these studies assess to understand the role of iodine metabolism in some marine bacteria and there role in biogeochemical cycle of this element.
Document type :
Theses
Complete list of metadatas

Cited literature [192 references]  Display  Hide  Download

https://tel.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-00959056
Contributor : Abes Star <>
Submitted on : Tuesday, July 15, 2014 - 3:37:08 PM
Last modification on : Friday, May 24, 2019 - 4:59:45 PM
Long-term archiving on: Monday, November 24, 2014 - 11:20:58 AM

File

these_archivage_2866462.pdf
Version validated by the jury (STAR)

Identifiers

  • HAL Id : tel-00959056, version 2

Citation

Jean-Baptiste Fournier. Evolution des mécanismes d'accumulation et de transport de l'iode dans les organismes marins : étude de la structure/fonction des protéines du métabolisme iodé chez la bactérie zobellia galactanivorans. Sciences agricoles. Université Pierre et Marie Curie - Paris VI, 2014. Français. ⟨NNT : 2014PA066065⟩. ⟨tel-00959056v2⟩

Share

Metrics

Record views

520

Files downloads

1361