Satisfaction résidentielle et configurations spatiales en milieu périurbain

Abstract : Since the 1960s, French cities are concerned with an urban sprawl process. This urban sprawl leads to the emergence of a particular space located at the interface between the city and the countryside: the periurban. The social, morphological or the spatial practices of its inhabitants give the suburban a particular singularity and specificity. It is a space of contradiction that attracts both because of the "natural" living environment that it provides to households, but also because of its proximity to the city and the opportunities related to accessibility to various urban amenities.To understand more precisely this enthusiasm for periurban areas, this thesis proposes to explore the individual-residential environment relationship in terms of the satisfaction. The aim is to link a cognitive information with a spatial information. By modeling each of these components by the use of specific indicators, various statistical models are used to highlight the spatial attributes of the living environment that influence the satisfaction level of individuals.The modeling approach is central in this thesis. After the establishment of a satisfaction survey conducted on more than one thousand households living in a suburban area of ​​Besancon, the process is to build indicators to characterize two types of residential amenities: the landscape and the accessibility to shops and services. Each of these amenities is then incorporated into statistical models to assess their contribution to the satisfaction of the household.The approach essentially modeling and exploratory offers interesting perspectives in the field of urban planning. By using basic and reproducible models, one of the objectives is to build mapping documents describing the potential of satisfaction on a large scale.
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Samy Youssoufi. Satisfaction résidentielle et configurations spatiales en milieu périurbain. Géographie. Université de Franche-Comté, 2011. Français. ⟨NNT : 2011BESA1049⟩. ⟨tel-00903526⟩

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