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Theses

Phonemic variability and confusability in pronunciation modeling for automatic speech recognition

Abstract : This thesis addresses the problems of phonemic variability and confusability from the pronunciation modeling perspective for an automatic speech recognition (ASR) system. In particular, several research directions are investigated. First, automatic grapheme-to- phoneme (g2p) and phoneme-to-phoneme (p2p) converters are developed that generate alternative pronunciations for in-vocabulary as well as out-of-vocabulary (OOV) terms. Since the addition of alternative pronunciation may introduce homophones (or close homophones), there is an increase of the confusability of the system. A novel measure of this confusability is proposed to analyze it and study its relation with the ASR performance. This pronunciation confusability is higher if pronunciation probabilities are not provided and can potentially severely degrade the ASR performance. It should, thus, be taken into account during pronunciation generation. Discriminative training approaches are, then, investigated to train the weights of a phoneme confusion model that allows alternative ways of pronouncing a term counterbalancing the phonemic confusability problem. The objective function to optimize is chosen to correspond to the performance measure of the particular task. In this thesis, two tasks are investigated, the ASR task and the KeywordSpotting (KWS) task. For ASR, an objective that minimizes the phoneme error rate is adopted. For experiments conducted on KWS, the Figure of Merit (FOM), a KWS performance measure, is directly maximized.
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Submitted on : Thursday, July 11, 2013 - 5:02:05 PM
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Panagiota Karanasou. Phonemic variability and confusability in pronunciation modeling for automatic speech recognition. Other [cs.OH]. Université Paris Sud - Paris XI, 2013. English. ⟨NNT : 2013PA112087⟩. ⟨tel-00843589⟩

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