Réduction de dimensionalité et saillance pour la visualisation d'images spectrales

Abstract : Nowadays, digital imaging is mostly based on the paradigm that a combinations of a small number of so-called primary colors is sufficient to represent any visible color. For instance, most cameras usepixels with three dimensions: Red, Green and Blue (RGB). Such low dimensional technology suffers from several limitations such as a sensitivity to metamerism and a bounded range of wavelengths. Spectral imaging technologies offer the possibility to overcome these downsides by dealing more finely withe the electromagnetic spectrum. Mutli-, hyper- or ultra-spectral images contain a large number of channels, depicting specific ranges of wavelength, thus allowing to better recover either the radiance of reflectance of the scene. Nevertheless,these large amounts of data require dedicated methods to be properly handled in a variety of applications. This work contributes to defining what is the useful information that must be retained for visualization on a low-dimensional display device. In this context, subjective notions such as appeal and naturalness are to be taken intoaccount, together with objective measures of informative content and dependency. Especially, a novel band selection strategy based on measures derived from Shannon’s entropy is presented and the concept of spectral saliency is introduced.
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Steven Le Moan. Réduction de dimensionalité et saillance pour la visualisation d'images spectrales. Autre [cs.OH]. Université de Bourgogne, 2012. Français. ⟨NNT : 2012DIJOS034⟩. ⟨tel-00825495⟩

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