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Visibilité de la place de l’adulte (parents et enseignants) auprès de l’adolescent dans le rapport à l’apprendre : horizontalité des pratiques d’internet et mobilisation scolaire

Abstract : Internet revolutionizes homes and reaches more specifically teenagers. It’s a matter of practising, new ways of dealing with one’s peers, communicating. In this present exchanges dynamism characterized by a scrambling of usual spacing and timing marks, teenagers break their way in having access in Knowledges, turning aside from the beaten track (school and family). School as well as family life (under deep changes too) are closely questioned by the consequences of the reconfiguration of the daily life carried out by new technologies. The evolution of our society contributed to the want of visibility of the adult’s place (parents and teachers) in the developmental process of children and teenagers. The socio-constructivist approach of Vygotski (1933, Developmental Proximal Zone) as well as the psycho-analytic approach of Winnicott (1972, Transitional area) and of Bion, (1982, the Thinking ability) set the importance of the adult’s place in the developmental processes. The prevalence of the horizontal dimension emphasized by new technologies hid-ing the need of verticality seems to go along with socialization and school risks for teenagers. This research aims at pointing out the relations between numer-ical practices, teenagers’perception of adults’ involvement (parents and teach-ers) and school mobilization. To what extent teenagers’numerical practices can further school mobilization ? An extensive study achieved among a sample of 323 adolescents from 11 to 16 years old, has confirmed parental involvement adolescents’ perception guide adolescents towards Internet cultural practices. The answers of 9 teenagers chosen for their Internet intensive use, collected during semi-directive interviews, enabled us to provide greater details concern-ing these results. The need of verticality symbolised by the adult (parents, teachers) leading to the co-construction of meaning in school mobilization is confirmed by the qualitative analysis (phenomenologic, conceptual categories and lexico-statistics analysis). The clinical study certifies our model is relevant underlining the significance of interactions on the one hand and of the part of the unconscious processes on the other hand.
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Submitted on : Monday, September 3, 2012 - 12:42:53 PM
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Nicole Mouisset-Lacan. Visibilité de la place de l’adulte (parents et enseignants) auprès de l’adolescent dans le rapport à l’apprendre : horizontalité des pratiques d’internet et mobilisation scolaire. Psychologie. Université Toulouse le Mirail - Toulouse II, 2012. Français. ⟨NNT : 2012TOU20044⟩. ⟨tel-00727301⟩

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