Gérer durablement la foret méditerranéenne : exemple du parc naturel régional des Alpilles

Abstract : The Sustainable Development paradigm was translated into forestry objectives with the Sustainable Forest Management (SFM) notion as early as 1992. The next year, European foresters redefined and specified this engagement (Helsinki, 1993), with, at first glance, an impression that it was mostly small adaptation or modifications of practices already in use in modern forestry with mostly a productive ambition. Indeed, economics guide almost every forest management decision by giving the landowner financial tools worthy of interest and guaranteeing his involvement. But what about the Mediterranean forest that stands apart of this reality by being almost non-productive and giving no substantial revenue to its owner? Can this particular forest be managed sustainably? This thesis will try to answer these questions on a theoretical basis at first and the by examining a particular case of the territory of the « Parc Naturel Régional des Alpilles » (PNR des Alpilles). The first part will interest the reader in clearly defining Sustainable Forest Management with its multiple appraoches and discovering the mediterranean forest in its many subtleties. Afrom theese analisys colliding emerges the contours of a Sustainable Forest Management project. To makes this project work, a clearly defined territory and its actors, like that of a PNR, is most suitable because they are already well involved in their forest's management in the « Provence-Alpes-Cotes d'Azur » (PACA) region. The second part consists of a presentation and an analysis of forest practices that are in place in the PNR des Alpilles at the individual or at the collective level. It demonstrates that Sustainable Forest Management is possible and even a certain reality. However, it also illustrates the difficulties that the parks actors must face, their collaborations. The third part of this thesis, illsutrates that the territory of the PNR des Alpilles presents many assets that could garanty its actors mobilization. The fisrt is, without a doubt, an real attachment to the territory by its inhabitants. Nevertheless, an inquiry revealed that tensions are high even if open conflicts are avoided. Most of these seems to be highligted by the satregies of the Parcs many actors in their power struggle to govern the parc itself. For now, these difficulties do not seem to block the evolution of the PNR but illustrates its many obstacles in their effort of a real Sustainable Forest Management.
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Sylvain Tillier. Gérer durablement la foret méditerranéenne : exemple du parc naturel régional des Alpilles. Géographie. Université du Maine, 2011. Français. ⟨NNT : 2011LEMA3005⟩. ⟨tel-00653442⟩

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