Des pratiques des agriculteurs à la production de paysage de bocage. Étude comparée des dynamiques et des logiques d'organisation spatiale des systèmes agricoles laitiers en Europe (Basse-Normandie, Galice, Sud de l'Angleterre)

Maxime Marie 1, 2
1 LETG - Caen - Littoral, Environnement, Télédétection, Géomatique
LETG - Littoral, Environnement, Télédétection, Géomatique UMR 6554
Abstract : The aim of this research is to analyze the logics of space and landscape production in bocage areas dealing with dairy farming. This study is carried out from the regional scale to the farm one. The subject was broached at the interface of the two approaches most commonly used in geography: the first one aims understanding the material dimension of the space production and the second one is more interested in its ideal dimension. These approaches deal with the study of the rural landscape seen as the visible face of space. The lands on which the investigations were carried out are all located in dairy belt of Atlantic Europe but set in diverse agricultural contexts (Normandy, Galicia, southern England). At first, using the agricultural statistics at regional scale between 1990 and 2000, we identified the main changes of the farming systems. Then, the shapes and the structures of space and agricultural landscape were analyzed through a classical approach of spatial analysis to put in forward their main organization principles (distance to farmhouse, field morphology). Finally, this approach was combined with a comprehensive analysis of the acting logics which drive the farmers for implementation of their practices. This analysis was completed by a study of their landscape representations. The results of this work showed the importance of the professional models which the farmers refer to their landscape interpretation. These models define a specific signification for practices which are associated to the shapes of the landscape. At least, the work realized with a comparative and multi-scale approach puts in forward the whole complexity of the organization processes of space and hedgerows landscape by the agricultural and dairy activities in Western Europe.
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Maxime Marie. Des pratiques des agriculteurs à la production de paysage de bocage. Étude comparée des dynamiques et des logiques d'organisation spatiale des systèmes agricoles laitiers en Europe (Basse-Normandie, Galice, Sud de l'Angleterre). Géographie. Université de Caen, 2009. Français. ⟨tel-00441117⟩

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