De la caractérisation à la gestion des paysages ordinaires des vallées du nord-ouest de la France. Représentations, enjeux d'environnement et politiques publiques en Basse-Normandie

Marie-Anne Germaine 1
1 LETG - Caen - Littoral, Environnement, Télédétection, Géomatique
LETG - Littoral, Environnement, Télédétection, Géomatique UMR 6554
Abstract : In Normandy, like in the Norwest France, valleys contain singular landscapes subjected to strong environmental issues (flood, biodiversity) and various pressures (agricultural decline, urban sprawl, leisure valorisation). In order to reveal the specificity of those landscapes, a comparative method is proposed from the case of valleys of Normandy. Thanks to a systemic and multiscalar approach, the study takes into account the material and subjective dimension of landscape. A morphometric approach (spatial analysis/DEM) and a land cover approach (remote sensing/SPOT5) enables to characterize the visible dimension of landscape and identify 11 representative landscape types. We take into account the roles of the various actors in the landscape production and their evolution in order to evaluate the role of different functions (agricultural, industrial...) and heritages in landscape diversity. Then, we have conduct semi structured interviews with the different actors (inhabitants, farmers ...) in order to define different landscape representation models. Discourse analysis (“content analysis” with WordMapper software) allows us to identify social demand. The comparison of landscape characteristics, productive practices and representations reveals gaps between landscape contemporary systems, inhabitant's expectations and planning policy. It shows the predominance of environmental policies to landscapes ones and reveals difficulties of their articulation. Finally, the study of valleys in Normandy contributes to the reflexion of expertise and management of ordinary landscapes in the north-western France.
Document type :
Theses
Liste complète des métadonnées

https://tel.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-00440948
Contributor : Marie-Anne Germaine <>
Submitted on : Monday, December 14, 2009 - 10:33:36 AM
Last modification on : Tuesday, February 5, 2019 - 12:12:18 PM
Document(s) archivé(s) le : Thursday, June 17, 2010 - 9:40:45 PM

Identifiers

  • HAL Id : tel-00440948, version 1

Citation

Marie-Anne Germaine. De la caractérisation à la gestion des paysages ordinaires des vallées du nord-ouest de la France. Représentations, enjeux d'environnement et politiques publiques en Basse-Normandie. Géographie. Université de Caen, 2009. Français. ⟨tel-00440948⟩

Share

Metrics

Record views

2423

Files downloads

1155