Le voyageur au sein des espaces de mobilité : un individu face à une machine ou un être socialisé en interaction avec un territoire ? Les déterminants de l'aisance au cours du déplacement urbain.

Marion Tillous 1, 2
2 CRIA
GC - Géographie-cités
Abstract : The following work aims to consider transport networks as social geographical objects of thought so as to observe urban passenger ease in a new light. Through an analysis of passenger experience on four transport hubs, we intend to show that the passenger journey cannot be solely understood as the relationship between human and machine (ergonomic approach), or as the wandering of a citizen through public spaces (sociological approach). Indeed, in both these cases, the passengers seem to be identical with those around them and unaffected by their environment. In actual fact, confrontation during the journey with both space and otherness gives rise to a kind of identity. The use of a transport network induces the construction of a territorial identity. A network does not conflict territory, a network is territory. The main method chosen to test the existence of this identity construction and its role in passenger ease is qualitative survey by the means of semi-structured interviews. Promoting territorial interaction seems a positive way to improve passenger ease in mobility spaces. This leads us to rethink mobility space planning not purely from an ergonomic or sociological view (that is to say in spatial terms), even though these are essential, but also to first of all consider social interaction in the shape of dialogue in and around a space, wider political action and the construction of social ties. Cartographic or even topographic representation of thoroughfare of space must also be taken into account, why not through the use of participative cartography; and more generally through an approach which measures ease against performance and favours open over closed space, sharpness over smoothness, variation over uniform monotony. These are the many dimensions generated and developed by the geographical analysis of network (through the notions of boundary, scale, territorial control, polarization, landscape, symbolic value of place).
Document type :
Theses
Liste complète des métadonnées

https://tel.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-00403677
Contributor : Marion Tillous <>
Submitted on : Sunday, July 12, 2009 - 9:32:36 AM
Last modification on : Friday, February 22, 2019 - 1:13:19 AM
Document(s) archivé(s) le : Saturday, November 26, 2016 - 10:27:11 AM

Identifiers

  • HAL Id : tel-00403677, version 1

Citation

Marion Tillous. Le voyageur au sein des espaces de mobilité : un individu face à une machine ou un être socialisé en interaction avec un territoire ? Les déterminants de l'aisance au cours du déplacement urbain.. Géographie. Université Panthéon-Sorbonne - Paris I, 2009. Français. ⟨tel-00403677⟩

Share

Metrics

Record views

1016

Files downloads

7261