Ouverture et fermeture de territoire par les réseaux de transports dans trois espaces montagnards (Bugey, Bauges et Maurienne)

Abstract : The two key words isolation and encirclement, which later became opening and closure of territory, are at the heart of the studied issue. Until recently, the opening of territories by public transports was only studied under the point of view of infrastructures management. This opening should be discussed in terms of transport supply, but also considere the users moving practices and their mental representation of the territory.The aim of this doctoral research is to caracterize the status and degrees of opening / closing while improving their measurement, and to know the process and their geographical forms. Focused on three mountainous areas (the Bugey region, the Bauges massif and the Maurienne valley), this approach identifies and estimates assessment standards. This approach then develops a acute comparative analysis, in order to better identify the opening and closure levels, while highlighting the two specificities of these territories: the mountainous environment and the motorway network. While the first part situates this issue on the reserach field of interactions between transport networks and territories, and on the methodology (chap.1 and 2), the second part assesses in detail the opening / closure of this mountainous areas through the three major isolation indicators: the offer, the practices and the mental representations (chapter 3, 4 and 5). Follows the third part, theoretical and methodological contribution to the improvement of the geographical knowledge of the territories opening and closure by transport networks (chapter 6, 7, 8 and 9).
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Laurence Berne. Ouverture et fermeture de territoire par les réseaux de transports dans trois espaces montagnards (Bugey, Bauges et Maurienne). Géographie. Université de Savoie, 2008. Français. ⟨tel-00348290⟩

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