DYNAMIQUES ET MUTATIONS TERRITORIALES DU SAHARA ALGERIEN VERS DE NOUVELLES APPROCHES FONDÉES SUR L'OBSERVATION

Abstract : For a century, the Algerian Saharan territories have been characterized by strong social and spatial mutations. Spatial and economic integration, which started with the French colonization, increased after the independence as a result of the State's voluntarism. The progressive and massive urbanization around 1950 deeply reconfigured the Saharan territories and led to the emergence of different kinds of tensions. These environmental, economic and social mutations question today the traditional balances and mechanisms of those territories. The increasing concentration of population generated environmental problems, increase of economic inequalities and, overall, emergence of structural spatial disparities. Considering these phenomena, the spatial planning policy in Algeria has recently integrated the paradigm of sustainable development to generate a more coherent development of territories. This research has two complementary objectives. The first one aims to develop knowledge about the Saharan territories, their structures and related dynamics. This step is based on a multidisciplinary approach which is applied at different spatial levels. The second objective aims at thinking about the contributions of the territorial governance and management concepts and tools, in order to develop an original approach of the observation of Saharan territories.
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Yaël Kouzmine. DYNAMIQUES ET MUTATIONS TERRITORIALES DU SAHARA ALGERIEN VERS DE NOUVELLES APPROCHES FONDÉES SUR L'OBSERVATION. Géographie. Université de Franche-Comté, 2007. Français. ⟨tel-00256791⟩

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