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Temporal genetic variation in Aedes aegypti populations in Ho Chi Minh City (Vietnam)

Abstract : Aedes aegypti, the main vector of dengue viruses in Asia, displays variation in population density over time. The larval habitats of this species being unevenly distributed and transient (depending on cycles of drought and flood), the forces generating temporal variation in gene frequencies in populations are studied. We sampled seven mosquito populations from Ho Chi Minh City (Vietnam) and its suburbs on five occasions between April 1999 and August 2000. We investigated genetic variation by studying isoenzyme and microsatellite polymorphism and susceptibility to a dengue 2 virus strain. Ae. aegypti populations collected during the dry season (January-April) showed genetic differentiation (F(ST) = 0.016, P < 10(-6) for isoenzymes) and showed more differentiated infection rates of the dengue 2 virus. The genetic structure of the population is less marked during the rainy season (F(ST) = 0.081, P < 10(-6)). Thus, environmental factors, such as rainfall and factors related to human activity, such as breeding site density and insecticide treatment, control the genetic structure of Ae. aegypti populations in the short term. The implications of studies of this kind for the design of future control programmes are discussed.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, February 21, 2018 - 3:21:02 PM
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K Huber, Luu Le Loan, Tran Huu Hoang, Tran Khanh Tien, F Rodhain, et al.. Temporal genetic variation in Aedes aegypti populations in Ho Chi Minh City (Vietnam). Heredity, Nature Publishing Group, 2002, 89 (1), pp.7 - 14. ⟨10.1038/sj.hdy.6800086⟩. ⟨pasteur-01714476⟩

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