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Multichannel Audio Modeling with Elliptically Stable Tensor Decomposition

Mathieu Fontaine 1 Fabian-Robert Stöter 2 Antoine Liutkus 2 Umut Şimşekli 3 Romain Serizel 1 Roland Badeau 3 
1 MULTISPEECH - Speech Modeling for Facilitating Oral-Based Communication
Inria Nancy - Grand Est, LORIA - NLPKD - Department of Natural Language Processing & Knowledge Discovery
2 ZENITH - Scientific Data Management
LIRMM - Laboratoire d'Informatique de Robotique et de Microélectronique de Montpellier, CRISAM - Inria Sophia Antipolis - Méditerranée
Abstract : This paper introduces a new method for multichannel speech enhancement based on a versatile modeling of the residual noise spec-trogram. Such a model has already been presented before in the single channel case where the noise component is assumed to follow an alpha-stable distribution for each time-frequency bin, whereas the speech spec-trogram, supposed to be more regular, is modeled as Gaussian. In this paper, we describe a multichannel extension of this model, as well as a Monte Carlo Expectation-Maximisation algorithm for parameter estimation. In particular, a multichannel extension of the Itakura-Saito nonnegative matrix factorization is exploited to estimate the spectral parameters for speech, and a Metropolis-Hastings algorithm is proposed to estimate the noise contribution. We evaluate the proposed method in a challenging multichannel denoising application and compare it to other state-of-the-art algorithms.
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Submitted on : Saturday, April 14, 2018 - 9:58:31 AM
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Mathieu Fontaine, Fabian-Robert Stöter, Antoine Liutkus, Umut Şimşekli, Romain Serizel, et al.. Multichannel Audio Modeling with Elliptically Stable Tensor Decomposition. 14th International Conference on Latent Variable Analysis and Signal Separation (LVA/ICA 2018), Jul 2018, Surrey, United Kingdom. pp.13-23, ⟨10.1007/978-3-319-93764-9_2⟩. ⟨lirmm-01766795⟩



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