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Ecological Quality Status of the soft-bottom communities on the algerian coast: General patterns and diagnosis

Abstract : Between 1995 and 2001, the soft-bottom communities along the 1180 km of the Algerian coast were sampled in nine gulfs and 12 harbours, providing a total of 655 samples. Eight crozoobenthos-based biotic indices (S, N, H0, BQI, AMBI, BENTIX, BO2A and ITI) were selected to describe the general patterns of the coastal water quality status and to establish a quality diagnosis for the different zones subjected to anthropogenic pressure (e.g., harbour construction, industrial and urban pollution). Reference values were determined for each of the eight indices selected by analyzing the indices' parameter distribution. The Ecological Quality Ratio (EQR) was estimated for each index, resulting in an EQR Mean Score and an EQR Bad Score. From these EQR, we defined an EQS for each sample. The agreement between these EQS was analysed using the Kappa method in order to propose a survey strategy for the Algerian coastal waters that would take into account the soft-bottom biological compartment. The results clearly indicate that high and good quality assessments are prevalent in the gulfs, while quality assessments in harbours vary greatly from bad to good. The effect of pollution observed in the harbours can be classified in two main groups, according to when they were constructed and their relative degree of openness to the sea, which permits better water circulation and probably dilutes the pollution.
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Contributor : Valérie Casado-Malaizé Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Wednesday, February 1, 2012 - 10:56:04 AM
Last modification on : Tuesday, October 19, 2021 - 11:33:57 PM




S. Grimes, T. Ruellet, Jean-Claude Dauvin, Z. Boutiba. Ecological Quality Status of the soft-bottom communities on the algerian coast: General patterns and diagnosis. Marine Pollution Bulletin, Elsevier, 2010, 60, pp.1969-1977. ⟨10.1016/j.marpolbul.2010.07.032⟩. ⟨insu-00665068⟩



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