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Non-parametric deprojection of NIKA SZ observations: Pressure distribution in the Planck-discovered cluster PSZ1 G045.85+57.71

Abstract : The determination of the thermodynamic properties of clusters of galaxies at intermediate and high redshift can bring new insights into the formation of large-scale structures. It is essential for a robust calibration of the mass-observable scaling relations and their scatter, which are key ingredients for precise cosmology using cluster statistics. Here we illustrate an application of high resolution (<20 arcsec) thermal Sunyaev-Zel’dovich (tSZ) observations by probing the intracluster medium (ICM) of the Planck-discovered galaxy cluster PSZ1 G045.85+57.71 at redshift z = 0.61, using tSZ data obtained with the NIKA camera, which is a dual-band (150 and 260 GHz) instrument operated at the IRAM 30-m telescope. We deproject jointly NIKA and Planck data to extract the electronic pressure distribution from the cluster core (R ~ 0.02 R500) to its outskirts (R ~ 3 R500) non-parametrically for the first time at intermediate redshift. The constraints on the resulting pressure profile allow us to reduce the relative uncertainty on the integrated Compton parameter by a factor of two compared to the Planck value. Combining the tSZ data and the deprojected electronic density profile from XMM-Newton allows us to undertake a hydrostatic mass analysis, for which we study the impact of a spherical model assumption on the total mass estimate. We also investigate the radial temperature and entropy distributions. These data indicate that PSZ1 G045.85+57.71 is a massive (M500 ~ 5.5 × 1014M⊙) cool-core cluster. This work is part of a pilot study aiming at optimizing the treatment of the NIKA2 tSZ large program dedicated to the follow-up of SZ-discovered clusters at intermediate and high redshifts. This study illustrates the potential of NIKA2 to put constraints on thethermodynamic properties and tSZ-scaling relations of these clusters, and demonstrates the excellent synergy between tSZ and X-ray observations of similar angular resolution.
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F. Ruppin, R. Adam, B. Comis, P. Ade, P. André, et al.. Non-parametric deprojection of NIKA SZ observations: Pressure distribution in the Planck-discovered cluster PSZ1 G045.85+57.71. Astronomy and Astrophysics - A&A, EDP Sciences, 2017, 597, pp.A110. ⟨10.1051/0004-6361/201629405⟩. ⟨in2p3-01349507⟩

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