Neutronic study of slightly modified water reactors and application to transition scenarios

Abstract : In this paper we have studied slightly modified water reactors and their applications to transition scenarios. The PWR and CANDU reactors have been considered. New fuels based on Thorium have been tested : Thorium/Plutonium and Thorium/Uranium- 233, with different fissile isotope contents. Changes in the geometry of the assemblies were also explored to modify the moderation ratio, and consequently the neutron flux spectrum. A core equivalent assembly methodology was introduced as an exploratory approach and to reduce the computation time. Several basic safety analyses were also performed. We have finally developed a new scenario code, named OSCAR (Optimized Scenario Code for Advanced Reactors), to study the efficiency of these modified reactors in transition to GenIV reactors or in symbiotic fleet.
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R. Chambon, P. Guillemin, A. Nuttin, A. Bidaud, N. Capellan, et al.. Neutronic study of slightly modified water reactors and application to transition scenarios. Global 07 - Advanced Nuclear Fuel Cycles and Systems, Sep 2007, Boise, Idaho, United States. ⟨in2p3-00187013⟩

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