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Generating Female, Male, and Conjugality Norms in French Schools: Gender, Class and Sexuality Among Students

Abstract : This article attempts to emphasize the production of heterosexuality in the French schools, which implies to stress the perceptions and practices underlying the production of acceptable femininities and masculinities as well as their intersections with social class. Our analyses start from Connell's thesis that the existing gender system varies across institutional contexts. As a specific institutional context, school produces a gender-specific configuration of the heterosexual norm. The discourses of two kinds of educational “street-level bureaucrats” will be analyzed: the secondary schools directors on one hand, the actors of a sexism-prevention program on the other hand. Firstly, the discourse differentiating girls from each other refers explicitly to their gender– being or not being a proper heterosexual girl – whereas for boys, it is class membership that constitutes the explanatory principle underlying differences between them. Secondly, the politicized discourse about the fight against sexism sets a division of girls into two groups: the "dominated" and the "victims of violence" on one side, and the "liberated" on the other. As far as boys are concerned, they are divided into good and bad partners from the standpoint of the ideal heterosexual, egalitarian, and non-violent couple, which reproduces a class-based division of masculinities.
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Contributor : Marie-Carmen Garcia Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Tuesday, June 1, 2021 - 6:21:35 PM
Last modification on : Friday, September 3, 2021 - 11:52:06 AM
Long-term archiving on: : Thursday, September 2, 2021 - 7:55:48 PM


Albenga, Garcia Fev.2019. en.p...
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  • HAL Id : halshs-03245454, version 1


Viviane Albenga, Marie-Carmen Garcia. Generating Female, Male, and Conjugality Norms in French Schools: Gender, Class and Sexuality Among Students. 2021. ⟨halshs-03245454⟩



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