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Patrimonialisation « sauvage » et archéologie industrielle de la musique yéménite. : Les premiers enregistrements commerciaux à Aden (1935-1960)

Abstract : The first commercial recordings of Yemeni music were produced in Aden in the late 1930s, at the time of British colonization. These 78 RPM records were first published by a foreign company, Odeon, followed by several local companies, including Aden Crown, Jafferphon and Tahaphon. All of the urban musical traditions of Yemen—ṣanʿānī, laḥǧī, ḥaḍramī, etc.—soon gained recognition and were broadcasted throughout the country in the years between 1935 and 1960, in spite of the ban on music in the north. These first recordings, which are estimated to comprise several thousand records, are still largely unknown. Establishing a chronology has proven difficult, since the various documents that are available are never dated, and many other documents, such as articles from the press, are not currently accessible. This research must therefore resort to a kind of “industrial and musical archaeology” which attempts to define approximate ranges of dates, periods and temporal correlations. At the same time, the current “wild patrimonialization” on the Internet of these music styles as a cultural heritage allows easy access to many sound recordings on mainstream platforms, particularly YouTube. While this represents great progress in the inventory process, it also implies a very haphazard storage solution for which researchers must try to compensate through increased efforts in documentation, in particular by the development of a database. The reception of the records by the Yemeni society during these twenty-five prolific years shows us that they had an important influence on the musical practice, as well as on a more subtle aspect of Yemeni music: the definition of regional genres which was of great importance in building the cultural identity of the Yemeni people, even until more recent times.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, February 23, 2021 - 10:51:32 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, July 7, 2022 - 6:01:10 AM
Long-term archiving on: : Monday, May 24, 2021 - 9:19:25 PM




Jean Lambert, Rafik Al-Akouri. Patrimonialisation « sauvage » et archéologie industrielle de la musique yéménite. : Les premiers enregistrements commerciaux à Aden (1935-1960). Annales Islamologiques, 2019, Matérialisation, dématérialisation et circulations des musiques du Moyen-Orient, XIXe-XXIe siècles, 53, pp.49-94. ⟨10.4000/anisl.5552⟩. ⟨halshs-03133897⟩



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