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Des chiens auprès des hommes. : Ou comment penser la présence des animaux en sciences sociales

Abstract : Almost human, and in the meantime "something". The following statement is the basis of my PHD Thesis: in social sciences, the canine presence is often set between two interceptable concepts. Not really "someone" nor "something," dogs are never studied for what they really are. Where does the dog stand in sciences ? How can one observe it as an understood being ? How can one study the uniqueness to its own existence? These are the key questions that express the problematic to this field of research. There is a link that stands as an epistemology and a methodology of establishing new ways, which provides us with new methods of presenting animals in social sciences. This view enables us to enrich our understanding on man and dog. A specific observation-description called phenomenography is placed on the core foundations of this research. This approach draws on the step-by-step detailed analysis of modality of humans and dogs presence observed in their daily routines. More specifically, with the help of photographed sequences, it allows the study of their cognitive capacity and their regular attitudes in order to discover the differences and similarities. The underlying meaning of the hypothesis of this work, despite the characteristics of their existence, man and dog share a minor way of being in the world. This minor characteristic is an essential component of the inter-specific relation from which we are trying to define these stakes. Dogs are an example of a new presence of animal in social sciences. So they may help us to consider a new definition of 'anthropology.'
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Contributor : Marion Vicart <>
Submitted on : Tuesday, April 1, 2014 - 12:52:35 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, November 20, 2019 - 3:13:42 AM


  • HAL Id : halshs-00968655, version 1


Marion Vicart. Des chiens auprès des hommes. : Ou comment penser la présence des animaux en sciences sociales. 2010, pp.738. ⟨halshs-00968655⟩



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