The phonology of Japanese /r/: a panchronic account

Abstract : The aim of this study is to understand how /r/ emerged and developed in Proto-Japanese and how the conditions of its emergence shed light on its present phonological behavior. The paper first offers a review of the phonetic, phonological, and morpho-phonological characteristics of /r/ in Japanese through examination of a large array of empirical evidence. The picture that emerges is that of an unmarked, phonologically empty segment, confirming a number of previous studies, in particular that by Mester and Itoˆ (Language 65:258-293, 1989). I argue that /r/ primarily developed in Japanese as a default epenthetic consonant in the intervocalic position within the morphological domain of a stem and its affixes, through an 'emergence of the unmarked' mechanism before becoming a fully contrastive phoneme later on by virtue of a phonologization process. A formal account of this proposal within the framework of Optimality Theory is offered. It is shown that the phonological content of /r/ is acquired due to the application of well-formedness constraints (ONSET, ALIGN, MAXIO, DEPIO) as well as that of two sets of markedness constraints (FEATURAL AGREEMENT and HARMONY SCALE), which ensure that the null input is mapped to the least marked output in terms of phonological features.
Type de document :
Article dans une revue
Journal of East Asian Linguistics, Springer Verlag, 2014, 23 (1), pp.1-25
Liste complète des métadonnées

Littérature citée [46 références]  Voir  Masquer  Télécharger

https://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-00951955
Contributeur : Laurence Labrune <>
Soumis le : mercredi 26 février 2014 - 13:28:28
Dernière modification le : mercredi 23 mai 2018 - 17:58:04
Document(s) archivé(s) le : lundi 26 mai 2014 - 11:17:21

Fichier

the_phonology_of_japanese_r_pr...
Fichiers produits par l'(les) auteur(s)

Identifiants

  • HAL Id : halshs-00951955, version 1

Collections

Citation

Laurence Labrune. The phonology of Japanese /r/: a panchronic account. Journal of East Asian Linguistics, Springer Verlag, 2014, 23 (1), pp.1-25. 〈halshs-00951955〉

Partager

Métriques

Consultations de la notice

357

Téléchargements de fichiers

950