« 民主制国家中间体组织的作用及重要性:对于法国和中国中间体组织的思考 » (Du rôle et de l'importance des corps sociaux intermédiaires dans le fonctionnement de sociétés démocratiques : de quelques réflexions à partir du cas français et de dynamiques observées en Chine)

Abstract : This article aims to go beyond general definitions of democracy and focus on the essential, practical role of intermediary social bodies in how societies operate, especially those that wish to be actively democratic. A two-pronged approach to this question will be adopted. On a theoretical and historical level, the French situation demonstrates how the integration (or more accurately, reintegration) of diverse, active “intermediary social bodies” into civil society was the major issue of the 19th century for France's centralised Jacobin state, following their abolition during the Revolution. The article then looks at a series of studies conducted in China, demonstrating that there has been a genuine re-emergence of intermediary bodies in the manufacturing and retail sectors over the last 20 to 30 years in areas such as Zhejiang. This has occurred via a series of compromises and negotiations, initiated by and conducted in conjunction with local authorities, giving rise to unique socio-political configurations. The article will then ask whether this is nothing more than a local or provincial effect, and whether this re-emergence of intermediary bodies in the manufacturing and retail sectors is liable to extend to other spheres of social and political life in China.
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Lu Shi, Bernard Ganne. « 民主制国家中间体组织的作用及重要性:对于法国和中国中间体组织的思考 » (Du rôle et de l'importance des corps sociaux intermédiaires dans le fonctionnement de sociétés démocratiques : de quelques réflexions à partir du cas français et de dynamiques observées en Chine). 中国式民主国际研讨会, Nov 2009, Wuhan, China. pp.93-105. ⟨halshs-00577740⟩

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