Transgression et désordre dans le genre: les explorateurs français aux prises avec les "berdaches" amérindiens

Abstract : From the texts of the French explorers describing “berdaches”, the paper tries to understand the way European cultures had conceived the native American transgender experiences. It shows, in particular, that the European labeling of these experiences (sodomite/hermaphrodite) is less due to a confusion in front of a figure unknown in the European cultures (a third gender), than to the recognition of the transgressive character of “Berdache” which reverse the hierarchy of gender. The American transgenders confronted Europeans with a problem less because they contravened the gender bi-partition or the “natural heterosexuality” but much more because they operated a reversal of prestige and power culturally unacceptable.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, September 1, 2010 - 3:27:29 PM
Last modification on : Monday, February 12, 2018 - 10:25:07 AM
Long-term archiving on : Thursday, December 2, 2010 - 2:47:03 AM

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Laurence Hérault. Transgression et désordre dans le genre: les explorateurs français aux prises avec les "berdaches" amérindiens. Etnográfica, 2010, 14 (2), pp.337-360. ⟨halshs-00514190⟩

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