Modéliser l'efficacité d'un réseau : Le cas de la poste aux chevaux dans la France pré-industrielle (1632-1833)

Abstract : The topic deals with the question of relationships between the creation of a new transportation network and its effects, in terms of space shaping, here in the “Ancien Regime” France. Using a modelization approach, we aim to build the postal relation space of pre-industrial France and its evolution through two centuries. Postal roads are digitalized from historical lists of post houses, at seven different dates. Using a 900 points grid, we calculate the accessibility “at every place in France”, with a Shimbel index, and we take into account a secondary road network, characterized by a slower transportation speed. We weight the accessibility values by geometrical accessibility, and we generalize the results by interpolation methods. This methodology enlightens major regional differences, with some regions that have been favored by postal roads creations and other, less provided. The regional differentiations and their evolution reveal some planned decisions taken by French State as soon as the 18e century.
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Anne Bretagnolle, Timothée Giraud, Nicolas Verdier. Modéliser l'efficacité d'un réseau : Le cas de la poste aux chevaux dans la France pré-industrielle (1632-1833). Espace Geographique, Éditions Belin, 2010, 2/10, pp.117-131. ⟨halshs-00504320⟩

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