HAL will be down for maintenance from Friday, June 10 at 4pm through Monday, June 13 at 9am. More information
Skip to Main content Skip to Navigation
Journal articles

Long livestock farming history and human landscape shaping revealed by lake sediment DNA

Abstract : The reconstruction of human-driven, Earth-shaping dynamics is important for understanding past human/environment interactions and for helping human societies that currently face global changes. However, it is often challenging to distinguish the effects of the climate from human activities on environmental changes. Here we evaluate an approach based on DNA metabarcoding used on lake sediments to provide the first high-resolution reconstruction of plant cover and livestock farming history since the Neolithic Period. By comparing these data with a previous reconstruction of erosive event frequency, we show that the most intense erosion period was caused by deforestation and overgrazing by sheep and cowherds during the Late Iron Age and Roman Period. Tracking plants and domestic mammals using lake sediment DNA (lake sedDNA) is a new, promising method for tracing past human practices, and it provides a new outlook of the effects of anthropogenic factors on landscape-scale changes.
Document type :
Journal articles
Complete list of metadata

Cited literature [50 references]  Display  Hide  Download

https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/halsde-00944038
Contributor : Christine Maury Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Thursday, May 28, 2020 - 5:24:04 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, December 23, 2021 - 12:20:42 PM

File

2014_Giguet-Covex_naturecommun...
Publisher files allowed on an open archive

Licence


Distributed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License

Identifiers

Citation

Charline Giguet-Covex, Johan Pansu, Fabien Arnaud, Pierre-Jérôme Rey, Christophe Griggo, et al.. Long livestock farming history and human landscape shaping revealed by lake sediment DNA. Nature Communications, Nature Publishing Group, 2014, 5, 7p. ⟨10.1038/ncomms4211⟩. ⟨halsde-00944038⟩

Share

Metrics

Record views

540

Files downloads

42